米国,别低估觉悟的中国人

发布时间: 2020-05-22 浏览次数: 

编者案:米国一些媒体、政宾常常度疑中国的抗疫表示,有的还控告中国瞒哄感染人数。中国国民年夜学重阳金融研究院履行院少王文在《博彩时报》英文版开设的“变局”专栏中指出,米国不仅是低估了中国当局强盛的发动与盯能力,更低估了普通中国工资此自觉支出的尽力。

本文英文版在Global Times的版里截图

我所寓居的视京,是北京国际化水平很高的区域。这里有许多寰球500强公司地区总部,常住60万居民里约10%是外国人。每周末,我都邑在望京各个公园之间健行,一边锤炼身材,一边察看着城市变更。

按理道,中国多半都会已持续1个多月出有新删外乡新冠病例。这个酷爱自由、憧憬繁荣、对付标国际的街区,应当周全解禁了。当心相反,包括很多中国人在内,看京住民们仍皆戴着口罩,涓滴不抓紧,胆大妄为地防备发布次复收的可能性。每一个室庐小区、��门口,有专人担任检测体温。在商务区,周终加班的公司也十分少,尽量激励在家办公。

实在,不只是望京,14亿中国人、2800个县城大都都如斯。只有政府不命令解禁,即使本地域从已涌现过病例,国民仍会自律,以强大的忍受力,为疫情防控做出经济上、生涯上的小我就义。

比拟于米国,连绝两个多月日均2万以上的新增病例,但许多州的大众已忍气吞声,纷纭上街游行,抗议政府的禁令。良多人乃至拒戴口罩,涌背海滩,有的乡市还筹备开启年夜型体育赛事。

医学统计注解,大家自发戴心罩的社会,比一半人没有戴口罩的社会,沾染率将降落50倍。人们老是比拟中好两国当局的管理才能,却常常疏忽了此次疫情期中美两公民寡的本质差别。

米国一些媒体、政客常常质疑中国的抗疫表现,有的还指控中国隐瞒感染人数。明显,他们不只是低估了中国政府壮大的动员与调配能力,更低估了普通中国报酬此自觉支付的努力。

那是一种齐平易近支付,包括从中心到下层社区的公事职员加班减面,排查断绝检测的过细任务,借包括上百万医务人员敢于贡献、如部队般敢挨硬仗,更包括每位一般国平易近将性命看得下于所有的驾驶不雅取自我限度自由的社会成生量。

国民成熟度,是中国获得抗疫阶段性成功的主要文化暗码。只管在1月份刚面貌生疏病毒时,中国社会有一些慌手慌脚。在社区防控上,还存有一些小农意识。但很快中国就稳住了局势。阅历了2003年非典、2008年汶川大地动的中国人,在抗疫阶段的整体表现显然强于从前,也罢于泰西社会。

很隐然,抗疫正在转变中国人的社会与政治价值不雅。像是一次思惟企图,中国人正在呈现超出西方新自由主义精力的新觉醉。40年前,中国重新翻开国门后,本位主义、自由主义如大水般涌向中国,思维束缚、权力维护、个别至上吸收了多数中国人。不能不否认,这些源于西方古代化过程中的新思念,澳彩,为中国改造开放的胜利奉献了踊跃力气。

但智慧的中国人将源于本土的文明传统与当地的认识状态完善地联合起来,均衡了自由与制约、市场与政府、改革与稳固、本钱与公益、本位主义与群体主义之间的奥妙关联。每当国家有艰苦时,那些有益于中国发展的文化特色便会突显出来。

2008年国际金融危急后,中国人更是片面深思东方国度以新自在主义的运转逻辑的经济、金融、政事发作形式,自负天发明了中国自己上风。“华衰顿共鸣”正在中国周全停业,“中国计划”经常被天下所引述。

在国家治理上,当下的中国人像检测出病毒如许,发现了此前从西圆引进的经济与社会政策的题目。比方,房地产市场化,虽推进局部人财产增加,但暗藏着大批社会危险;交通私人车化,虽带去出止方便,但也是动力危机、情况好转、乡村病的要害关键。相反,一些根植于中国脉土的管理教训,却有很多明点,好比粗准扶贫;家庭储备喜欢;乡村地盘联产启包义务造;人类运气独特体的交际理念,等等。

失�憾的是,米国少数媒体、政客仍将中国独一视为一种起义、反动甚至是险恶的存在。这无疑是一种意识形态层面的种族轻视。

幸亏包含马丁·俗克、马凯硕、贝浓宁、罗思义等一批外洋学者已开端从新研讨中国。盼望如许的本国教者愈来愈多。而那些低估中国人觉悟的米国媒体、官僚们,毕竟会为本人的过错而自我埋单。

宣扬片《中国速率》

以下为英文版:

Never underestimate Chinese awakening

I live in Wangjing, a quite internationalized area in Beijing. Many Fortune 500 companies are headquartered there, and 10 percent of the around 600,000 residents are expats. Every weekend, I take walks in Wangjing's many parks to exercise and watch the changes in the city.

There have been no new confirmed cases of COVID-19 for a month in many Chinese cities. Wangjing, the internationalized area, is supposed to ease the epidemic control measures. But Wangjing's residents, including many expats, are cautious. They continue to wear masks and guard against second wave of infections.

This is not only happening in Wangjing. More than 2,800 counties nationwide and 1.4 billion Chinese are doing this too.As long as the government does not officially announce lifting the ban, people will always exercise discipline. Even if their residential areas have never reported an infection case, they will continue to make their own sacrifices for epidemic prevention and control.

This stands in comparison with the US where an average of 20,000 daily cases have emerged for two consecutive months, the public in many states cannot bear stay-at-home order. Certain people even go to the street to protest control measures. Some even refuse to wear masks and flock to the beach. Some cities are even starting to prepare large-scale sporting events.

Medical statistics show that the infection rate in a society where people are disciplined to wear masks is 50 times lower than in places where half of the people do not wear masks. Analysts tend to compare the governance abilities of both the Chinese and US governments, but ignore the differences of cultures between the two societies.

This is a nationwide devotion. From the central government to grass-root communities, public servants work overtime and check quarantine work. Tens of thousands of medical workers battle against the virus. Every ordinary Chinese people put life above all values and exhibit social maturity to practice self-discipline.

This national maturity is key to China's phased success in fighting the epidemic.During the initial stage of the outbreak in January, Chinese society was somehow chaotic, but the situation was soon much better. The Chinese people who have experienced the 2003 SARS outbreak and the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake perform much better than the past and than people in Europe and the US.

Obviously, the COVID-19 fight is changing Chinese people's social and political values. It is like the Enlightenment, and Chinese people are experiencing a new spiritual awakening that is surpassing Western neoliberalism. When China opened up more than 40 years ago, individualism and liberalism flooded into the country. The emancipation of minds and protection of rights attracted Chinese people. We have to admit that these new thoughts, which originated from the process of Western modernization hundreds of years ago, have contributed to the success of China's reform and opening-up.

But wise Chinese people have perfectly combined their domestic cultural traditions with foreign ideologies. They have balanced this delicate relationship between freedom and restriction, market and government, reform and stability, capital and welfare, and individualism and collectivism.Every time when our country faces difficulties, those cultural characteristics that benefit China's development will be highlighted.

After the 2008 financial crisis, Chinese people fully reflected on Western countries' economic, financial and political model under neoliberalism. They confidently found China's own advantages. The Washington Consensus went bankrupt in China, and the Chinese approach was often quoted by the world.

In terms of national governance, Chinese people have found problems in the economic and social policies introduced from the West. For example, although the marketization of real estate makes some people richer, it hides lots of social risks; the popularization of private cars, while bringing convenience, is the crux of the energy crisis, environmental degradation and urban diseases. On the contrary, some governance experiences rooted in China have shined, such as targeted poverty alleviation, the habit of household savings, the household contract responsibility system in the early 1980s, and the diplomatic concept of building a community with a shared future for humanity.

But it is a pity that a lot of US media and politicians still regard these Chinese experiences as a rebellion, revolution or even evil. This is undoubtedly ideological discrimination.

Fortunately, a group of international scholars, including Martin Jacques, Kishore Mahbubani, Daniel A. Bell and John Ross, have started to restudy China. Hopefully there will be more and more such foreign scholars. Those certain US media and politicians that underestimate the awakening of Chinese people will eventually pay for their own mistakes.